Calf muscle functional deficit 1-year after Achilles tendon rupture repair surgery

Vaida Aleknavičiūtė Ablonske, Albertas Skurvydas, Sigitas Balčiūnas, Vilma Juodžbalienė

Abstract


The primary muscles responsible for plantar flexion movement are soleus and gastrocnemius which connects to the calcaneus by the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendon rupture is managed most often with open surgical repair in which the affected limb is immobilized. Understanding the effects of long-term immobilization, how these lead to changes in the physiological properties of the calf muscles changes, may help to improve rehabilitation. Investigating the biomechanical behavior of the calf muscles may provide a better understanding of how the inferior material properties of a scarred Achilles tendon may influence the more global structural properties of the intact muscles

Keywords


Isokinetic muscle torque; triceps surae; electromyography

References


Akizuki, K. H., Gartman, E. J., Nisonson, B., Ben-Avi, S., & McHugh, M. P. (2001). The relative stress on the Achilles tendon during ambulation in an ankle immobiliser: implications for rehabilitation after Achilles tendon repair. About British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 329-334.

Arnold, E. M., Hamner, SR, Seth, A., Millard, M., & Delp, S. L. (2013). How muscle fiber length and velocities affects force generation as humans walk and run at different speeds. The journal of Experimental Biology, 216, 2150-2160.

Bressel, E., & McNair, P. (2001). Biomechanical behaviour of the plantar flexor muscle-tendon unit an Achilles tendon rupture. The American Journal of sports medicine, 29 (3), 321-325.

Chillemi, C., Gigante, A., Verdenelli, A., Marinelli, M., Ulisse, S., Morgantini, A., & De Palma, L. (2002). Percutaneous repair of Achilles tendon rupture: ultrasonographical and isokinetic evaluation. Foot and Ankle Surgery, 8 (4), 267-276.

Duclay, J., Martin, A., Duclay, A., Cometti, G., & Pousson, M. (2009). Behavior of fascicles and the myotendinous junction of human medial gastrocnemius following eccentric strength training. Muscle & Nerve, 39 (6), 819-827.

Farthing, J. P., & Chilibeck, P. D. (2003). The effects of eccentric and concentric training at different velocities on muscle hypertrophy. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 89 (6), 578-586

Finni, T., Hodgson, J. A., Lai, A. M., Edgrteo, V. R., & Sinha, S., (2006). Muscle synergism during isometric plantar flexion in Achilles tendon rupture patients and in normal subjects revealed by velocity-encoded cine phase-contrast MRI. Clinical Biomechanics, 21, 67-74.

Holtermann, A., Roeleveld, K., Vereijken, B., & Ettema, G. (2007). The effect of rate of force development on maximal force production: acute and training-related aspects. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 99, 605-613.

Horstmann, T., Lukas, C., Merk, J., & Mündermann R. (2012). Deficits 10-year after Achilles tendon repair. Journal of Sport Medicine, 33, 474-479.

Hu, X., & Newell, K. M. (2011). Aging, visual information, and adaptation to task asymmetry in bimanual force coordination. Journal of applied Physiology, 111, 1671-1680.

Hug, F., Hodges, P. W., Carroll, T. J., De Martino, E., Maqnard, J., & Tucker, K. (2016). Motor adaptation to pain during a bilateral plantarflexion task: Does the cost of using the non-painful limb mater? PLoS ONE, 11 (4), 1-17.

Kallio, J., Søgaard, K., Komi, P. A., Selänne, H., & Linnamo, V. (2013). Motor unit firing behaviour of soleus muscle in isometric and dynamic contractions. PLoS One, 8 (2), 1-7.

Kaminski, T. W., Wabbersen, C. V., & Murphy, R. M. (1998). Concentric versus enhanced eccentric hamstring strength training: clinical implications. Journal of Athletic Training, 33(3), 216-221.

Kawakami, Y., Akima, H, Kubo, K., Muraoka, Y., Hasegawa, H., Kouzaki, M., Imai, M., Suzuki, Y., Gunji, A., Kanehisa, H., & Fukunaga, T. (2001). Changes in muscle size, architecture, and neural activation after 20 days of bed rest with and without resistance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 84; 7-12.

Kawakami, Y., Akima, H., Kubo, K., Muraoka, Y., Hasegawa, H., Kouzaki, M., Imai, M., Suzuki, Y., Gunji, A., Kanehisa, H., & Fukunaga, T. (2001). Changes in muscle size, architecture, and neural activation after 20 days of bed rest with and without resistance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 84; 7-12.

Kuling, K., & Burnfield, J. M. (2008). The role of biomechanics in orthopaedic and neurological rehabilitation. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, 10 (2), 3-14.

Langsberg, H., Ellingsgaard, H., Madsen, T., Jansson, J., Magnusson, S. P., Aagaard, P., & Kjær, M. (2007). Eccentric rehabilitation exercise increases peritendinous type I collagen synthesis in humans with Achilles tendinosis. Scandinavian journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 17, 61-66.

Lantto, I., Heikkinen, J., Flinkkila, T., Ohtonen, P., Kangas, J., Siira, P., & Leppilahti, J. (2015). Early functional treatment versus cast immobilization in tension after Achilles rupture repair. Results of a prospective randomized trial with 10 or more Years of follow-up. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43 (9), 2302-2309.

Lichtwark, G. A., Cresswell, A. G., & Newsham-West, R. J. (2013). Effect of running on humans Achilles tendon length-tension properties in the free and gastrocnemius components. Journal of Experimental Biology, 216, 4388-4394.

Manal, K., Gravare-Silbernagel, K., & Buchanan, T. S. (2012). A real-time EMG-driven musculoskeletal model of the ankle. Multibody System Dynamics, 28, 169-180.

Maquirriain, J. (2011). Achilles tendon rupture: avoid tendon lengthening during surgical repair and rehabilitation. Yale journal of biology and medicine, 84, 289-300.

Masood, T., Kalliokoski, K., Møller-Bojsen, J., Magnusson, S. P., & Finni, T. (2014). Plantarflexor muscle function in healthy and chronic Achilles tendon pain subjects evaluated by the use of EMG and PET imaging. Clinical Biomechanics, 29, 564-570.

Muraoka, T., Muramatsu, T., Fukunaga, T., & Kanehisa, H. (2005). Elastic properties of human Achilles tendon are correlated to muscle strength. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99, 665–669.

Naim, F., Şimşek, A., Sĭpahĭoĝlu, S., Esen, A., & Cakmak, G. (2005). Evaluation of the surgical result of Achilles tendon ruptures by gait analysis and isokinetic muscle strength measurements. Acta orthopedica et traumatologica Turcica, 39(1), 1-6.

Olsson, N., Silbernagel, K. G., Eriksson, B. I., Sansone, M., Brorsson, A., Nilsson-Helander, K., & Karlsson, J., (2013). Stable surgical repair with accelerated rehabilitation versus nonsurgical treatment acute Achilles tendon ruptures: a randomized controlled study. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 41 (12), 2867-2876.

Reid, D., McNair, P. J., Johnson, S., Potts, G., Witvrouw, E., & Mahieu, N. (2012). Electromyographic analysis of an eccentric calf muscle exercise in persons with and without Achilles tendinopathy. Physical Therapy in Sport, 13, 150-155.

Schepull, T., Kvist, J., Anderson, Ch., & Aspenberg, P. (2007). Mechanical properties during healing of Achilles tendon ruptures to predict final outcome: pilot Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis in 10 patients. Musculoskeletal disorders, 8 (116), 472-483.

Silbernagel, K. G., Helendre-Nilsson, K., Thomee, R., Erikson, B. I., & Karlson, A. (2009). A new measurement of heel-rise endurance with the ability to detect functional deficits in patients with Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 8 (2), 258-264.

Suydam, S. M., Thomas S. Buchanan, T. B., Manal, K., & Silbernagel, K. G. (2015). Compensatory muscle activation caused by tendon lengthening post Achilles tendon rupture. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 23(3), 868-874.

Wang, H. K., Chiang, H., Chen, W. S., Shih, T. TF., Huang, Y. C., & Jiang, C. C. (2013). Early neuromechanical outcomes of the triceps surae muscle-tendon following an Achilles tendon repair. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94 (8), 1590-1598.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/sw.v2i6.259

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Siauliai university