THE FACTORS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF ADOLESCENTS WITH DISABILITIES / PAAUGLIŲ, TURINČIŲ NEGALĘ, PSICHOLOGINĖS GEROVĖS VEIKSNIAI

Ingrida Baranauskienė, Liudmyla Serdiuk, Ivan Danyliuk, Anton Kurapov

Abstract


The article describes the psychological study aimed at determining of the factors supporting disabled adolescents’ psychological well-being. Learning in the inclusive educational environment has a high developmental potential for social adaptation, revealing of the internal resources for self-realization and psychological well-being of adolescents with disabilities. The factors supporting disabled adolescents’ psychological well-being are revealed and the prognostic model of its development is proposed. The most important factors supporting disabled adolescents’ psychological well-being are: an expected attitude from others to them, their self-interest, self-esteem, meanings in life and goals understood by them, self-confidence, and belief in their own abilities. The predictors having the greatest impact on psychological well-being and presented in the developed predictive model are: commitment, acceptance of aggression, self-esteem, and the expected attitude of others.

Straipsnyje pristatomas psichologinis tyrimas, kurio tikslas – nustatyti veiksnius, palaikančius paauglių, turinčių negalę, psichologinę gerovę. Mokymasis inkliuzinėje ugdymo aplinkoje turi didelį socialinės adaptacijos vystymo potencialą, atskleidžiant vidinius paauglių, turinčių negalę, savirealizacijos ir psichologinės gerovės resursus. Empiriniame tyrime dalyvavo 121 mokinys iš Kijevo (Ukraina) inkliuzinių mokyklų: 54 vaikinai ir 67 merginos, turintys negalę. Atskleisti veiksniai, palaikantys neįgalių paauglių psichologinę gerovę, ir pasiūlytas prognostinis jos raidos modelis. Svarbiausi paauglių, turinčių negalę, psichologinę gerovę palaikantys veiksniai yra šie: laukiamas aplinkinių požiūris į juos, jų domėjimasis savimi, savigarba, gyvenimo prasmė ir jų suprantami tikslai, pasitikėjimas savimi ir tikėjimas savo sugebėjimais. Požymiai, darantys didžiausią įtaką psichologinei gerovei ir pateikiami sukurtame prognozavimo modelyje, yra: įsipareigojimas, agresijos priėmimas, savigarba ir laukiamas požiūris iš aplinkinių


Keywords


psychological well-being, life satisfaction, personal growth, adolescents with disabilities, integration, inclusion / psichologinė gerovė; pasitenkinimas gyvenimu; asmeninis augimas; paaugliai, turintys negalę; integracija; inkliuzija

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/se.v2i40.482

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