SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF ADOLESCENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS / PAAUGLIŲ, TURINČIŲ AUTIZMO SPEKTRO SUTRIKIMŲ, SOCIALINIAI IR PROFESINIAI ĮGŪDŽIAI

Kateryna Ostrovska, Ihor Ostrovskii, Vira Korniat

Abstract


The article deals with investigation of professional skills of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). 40 ukrainian adolescents of 13-17 years old were investigated by use of Psychological and Educational Profile for Youth and Adult (AAPEP). Besides 40 healthy peers were investigated by the same method and used as a reference group. According the results obtained 40% of ASD adolescents have satisfactory professional skills. Nevertheless, their emotional indices were substantially lower than correspondent indices for healthy peers and showed negative dynamics with age. Low indices of emotional development and functional communication skill of ASD adolescents restrict their future employment and demond psychological and social support.  

Straipsnyje pristatomas paauglių, turinčių autizmo spektro sutrikimų (ASS), socialinių ir profesinių įgūdžių tyrimas. Buvo ištirta keturiasdešimt 13–17 metų amžiaus ukrainiečių paauglių, taikant jaunuolių ir suaugusiųjų psichologinio ir edukacinio profilio (angl. Psychological and Educational Profile for Youth and Adult, AAPEP) charakteristikos metodą. Be to, tuo pačiu metodu buvo ištirta 40 įprastos raidos jų bendraamžių, kurie traktuoti kaip kontrolinė grupė. Buvo nustatyta, kad 40 % ASS turinčių paauglių turėjo patenkinamus profesinius įgūdžius. Nepaisant to, jų emociniai rodikliai buvo kur kas žemesni lyginant su atitinkamais rodikliais, kuriuos demonstravo įprastos raidos jų bendraamžiai, taip pat buvo nustatyta neigiama dinamika amžiaus atžvilgiu. ASS turinčių paauglių žemi emocinės raidos ir funkcinės komunikacijos įgūdžių rodikliai apriboja jų ateities įsidarbinimo galimybes bei reikalauja psichologinės ir socialinės paramos.


Esminiai žodžiai: autizmo spektro sutrikimai, paaugliai, profesiniai įgūdžiai, socialinė kompetencija.

 


Keywords


autism spectrum disorders, adolescents, professional skill / autizmo spektro sutrikimai, paaugliai, profesiniai įgūdžiai, socialinė kompetencija

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/se.v1i38.358

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