SPECIFICITIES OF THE SCIENCE OF EDUCATIONAL REHABILITATION IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE / EDUKACINĖS REABILITACIJOS MOKSLO YPATUMAI VIDURIO IR RYTŲ EUROPOJE

Dejana Bouillet

Abstract


Scientific journals are amongst the most important sources of information regarding the status, content and other relevant characteristics of educational rehabilitation. A content analysis of scientific journals in an area illuminates its main trends and development. This work seeks to analyse basic trademarks of educational rehabilitation practice in countries from Central and Eastern Europe, specifically 15 post-socialist countries which have, during the 1990s, seen substantial political and social changes.  This research includes 4 scientific journals in which educational rehabilitation scientists have published most of the existing scientific work during the period from 2008 to 2016. These are: Croatian Review of Rehabilitation Research, Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Research in Developmental Disabilities and Special Education. This research is based on an analysis of 273 published abstracts, by means of quantitative content analysis.

The main hypothesis was that educational rehabilitation science in European post-socialist countries has recognisable content and method, with the primary purpose of developing scientifically verified interventions.  These contribute to the promotion of developmental, educational and social status for people with various difficulties. Such a hypothesis has been partially confirmed. It was established that there is recognisable content and method, but the predominance of scientifically verified interventions has not been established. The science of educational rehabilitation is primarily characterised by themes of specific abilities of a certain group of people with disabilities. This includes an analysis of the efficiency of various interventative methods being present in one third of the publications. In conclusion, the results of this research indicate the need for further improvement of scientific activities within the science of educational rehabilitation in Central and Eastern Europe, both in diversity of the scientific methodology and regarding a focus on the interventions themselves (including evaluation, but also the theoretical basis regarding their meaningfulness).  

Moksliniai žurnalai yra vieni svarbiausių informacijos šaltinių, kalbant apie edukacinės reabilitacijos situaciją, turinį ir kitus jos svarbius bruožus. Šios srities mokslinių žurnalų turinio analizė nušviečia jos pagrindines tendencijas ir raidą. Šio darbo tikslas – išanalizuoti pagrindinius edukacinės reabilitacijos praktikos skiriamuosius bruožus Vidurio ir Rytų Europos šalyse, konkrečiai 15 posocialistinių šalių, kuriose praėjusio amžiaus 9 dešimtmetyje vyko esminiai politiniai ir socialiniai pokyčiai. Šis tyrimas apima 4 mokslo žurnalus, kuriuose edukacinės reabilitacijos mokslininkai publikavo didžiąją dalį atlikto mokslinio darbo laikotarpiu nuo 2008 m. iki 2016 m. Tai yra: Croatian Review of Rehabilitation Research (Kroatijos mokslinių tyrimų reabilitacijos tema apžvalga), Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation (Žurnalas apie specialųjį ugdymą ir reabilitaciją), Research in Developmental Disabilities (Moksliniai tyrimai vystymosi negalių tema) ir Special Education (Specialusis ugdymas). Šis tyrimas grindžiamas 273 publikuotų anotacijų analize, taikant kiekybinę turinio analizę.

Pagrindinė hipotezė, kad Europos posocialistinių šalių edukacinės reabilitacijos mokslas išsiskiria savo turiniu ir metodais, kurių pagrindinis tikslas yra plėtoti moksliškai patikrintas intervencijas, prisidedančias prie įvairių sunkumų turinčių asmenų vystymosi, švietimo ir socialinės padėties gerinimo, buvo iš dalies patvirtinta. Buvo nustatyta, kad šių šalių  edukacinės reabilitacijos mokslo turinys ir metodai skiriasi nuo kitų šalių, tačiau nebuvo patvirtinta, kad dominuoja moksliškai patikrintos intervencijos. Edukacinės reabilitacijos mokslui pirmiausia būdingos tam tikros neįgalių asmenų specifinių gebėjimų temos, pateikiant įvairių intervencinių metodų efektyvumo analizę – ji pateikiama trečdalyje publikacijų. Apibendrinant galima teigti, kad šio tyrimo rezultatai rodo, jog reikia toliau tobulinti mokslinę veiklą Vidurio ir Rytų Europos edukacinės reabilitacijos mokslo srityje tiek taikant įvairesnes mokslines metodikas, tiek skiriant dėmesį pačioms intervencijoms (įskaitant įvertinimą, bet taip pat ir teorinį pagrindimą, galvojant apie jų prasmingumą).


Keywords


content analysis, educational rehabilitation science, Central and Eastern Europe, scientific journals

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Bouillet

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/se.v2i37.337

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