THE DESIGN AND EFFICIENCY OF A PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAM TO PROMOTE ATTITUDINAL CHANGES TOWARDS PEOPLE WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS / KŪNO KULTŪROS DALYKO PROGRAMOS STRUKTŪRA IR EFEKTYVUMAS, SIEKIANT PAKEISTI NUOSTATAS Į ŽMONES SU REGĖJIMO NEGALIA

David Cordente Mesas, Sixto González-Víllora, Onofre Ricardo Contreras-Jordán

Abstract


The main goal of this study was to design, and confirm the efficiency of, a formative Physical Education program with the purpose of improving schoolchildren’s attitudes towards people who have a visual impairment. The participants were 910 students aged 9 to 13 years old from the region of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Participants simulated visual impairment during eight Physical Education sessions within the context of play and a sports-based learning environment.  They completed an attitudinal questionnaire both pre and post the intervention. The author’s (2018) aim was to evaluate children’s attitudes toward both visual impairment and integrated Physical Education CAIPE-R (Block, 1995). Both a descriptive and comparative analyses, as well as ANOVA, were conducted. The results indicated a significant improvement in children’s attitudes toward those with visual impairment. Therefore, this program would be efficacious when applied in schools in the future in order to promote a better attitude toward inclusion.

Pagrindinis mokslinio straipsnio tikslas buvo sukurti ir patvirtinti formuojančiosios kūno kultūros dalyko programos efektyvumą, siekiant pagerinti mokinių nuostatas regėjimo sutrikimo negalios. Tyrime dalyvavo 910 mokinių nuo 9 iki 13 metų amžiaus iš Kastilijos-La Mančos (Castilla-La Mancha) regiono (Ispanija). Dalyviai imitavo regėjimo negalią aštuonių kūno kultūros ugdymo užsiėmimų metu žaidybinio ir sportinio mokymosi aplinkoje. Be to, du kartus (iki ir po intervencijos) jie atsakė į autorių (2018) klausimyno klausimus, siekiat įvertinti vaikų nuostatas į regėjimo negalią bei vaikų nuostatas į integruotą kūno kultūros ugdymą pagal CAIPE-R (Block, 1995). Buvo atlikta aprašomoji ir lyginamoji analizė bei ANOVA. Rezultatai rodo, kad buvo pasiektas reikšmingas poveikis mokinių nuostatoms regėjimo negalios atžvilgiu. Dėl šios priežasties ateityje ši programa galėtų būti taikoma įvairiose mokyklose, nes jos efektyvumas įrodytas suformuotomis palankesnėmis mokinių nuostatomis inkliuzijos atžvilgiu.


Keywords


Inclusion, education of integration, visual impairment, adapted physical education, inclusive sport / Inkliuzija, integruotas ugdymas, regėjimo negalia, adaptuotas kūno kultūros ugdymas, inkliuzinis / įtrauktį užtikrinantis sportas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/se.v2i37.326

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