Obstacles to inclusion- perceptions of teachers from Bosnia and Herzegovina / Inkliuzinio ugdymo įgyvendinimo kliūtys: Bosnijos ir Hercegovinos mokytojų nuostatos

Inga Biscevic, Sadeta Zecic, Elvira Mujkanovic, Edin Mujkanovic, Haris Memisevic

Abstract


Inclusive education is increasingly becoming a dominating paradigm of the educational system in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, although supported by positive legislature, there are still numerous obstacles to inclusion. The goal of the present study was to examine the attitudes of regular education teachers towards inclusive education, more specifically towards obstacles to successful inclusion. The sample consisted of 200 elementary school teachers from two cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The greatest obstacle for inclusion as perceived by the teachers was the lack of professionals trained to work with children with special educational needs in regular schools. It is of utmost importance to support regular education teachers in their efforts to support all students in their classes. This calls for a more meaningful and thorough reformation of regular schools.

Inkliuzinis ugdymas tampa vis labiau dominuojančia Bosnijos ir Hercegovinos ugdymo sistemos paradigma. Nepaisant to, kad šią paradigmą remia įstatymai, vis dar yra nemažai kliūčių, trukdančių įgyvendinti inkliuzinį ugdymą. Šio tyrimo tikslas – išanalizuoti bendrojo lavinimo mokyklų mokytojų požiūrį į inkliuzinį ugdymą, ypač atkreipiant dėmesį į tai, kas trukdo sėkmingai įgyvendinti šį ugdymo metodą. Tyrimo imtį sudarė 200 bendrojo lavinimo mokyklų mokytojų iš dviejų Bosnijos ir Hercegovinos kantonų. Mokytojų nuomone, didžiausia inkliuzinio ugdymo įgyvendinimo kliūtis yra parengtų specialistų, kurie dirbtų su specialiųjų ugdymosi poreikių turinčiais vaikais bendrojo lavinimo mokykloje, trūkumas. Labai svarbu teikti paramą tiems bendrojo lavinimo mokyklų mokytojams, kurie per pamokas stengiasi padėti visiems mokiniams. Ši situacija suaktualina poreikį įgyvendinti prasmingesnę ir nuodugnesnę bendrojo lavinimo mokyklų reformą.   

 


Keywords


inclusive education; obstacles to inclusion; teachers; Bosnia and Herzegovina/ inkliuzinis ugdymas, inkliuzinio ugdymo įgyvendinimo kliūtys, mokytojai, Bosnija ir Hercegovina.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21277/se.v1i36.281

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